Recommended Timing For Site Preparation And Plant Establishment
Prior to starting the Timeline steps for year one, the site selection phase, site analysis phase as well as the planning and design phase should have already been completed. In year one the site will begin preparation with the last crop harvest. Tasks will include grading, thatch removal and herbicide applications, followed by an evaluation of the plant community.
Step one: Summer
Harvest: Last agricultural crop harvested (grass seed or other).
Step two: August-September
Grading: Implement any planned site grading actions including removal of drainage features and installation of habitat features such as vernal pools and swales.
Step three: September-October
Thatch Removal: Conduct ecological burn if possible or hay the site to remove thatch and biomass. This improves effectiveness of herbicide applications and seeding.
Step four: September-October
Herbicide Application: Apply first broadcast application of broad-spectrum herbicide (glyphosate or other) to kill emerging grass crop and other vegetation. The timing is based on factors including weather, site hydrology, and emergence of vegetation. Conduct frequent site visits to monitor conditions and look for windows of opportunity.
Step five: May-June
Herbicide Application: Apply second broadcast application of broad-spectrum herbicide to kill emerging vegetation.
Step six: May-June
Evaluate Plant Community: Determine presence of emerging non-native plant species and map if needed to guide the second year of site preparation actions.