Best Management Practices for Pollinators on Western Rangelands

To help land managers incorporate pollinator-friendly practices into rangeland management, the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation has published Best Management Practices for Pollinators on Western Rangelands. These best management practices (BMPs) were developed for federally managed rangelands that span the eleven western United States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. The management practices addressed in the BMPs include grazing, mowing, prescribed fire, and pesticide use, as well as recommendations on how to address pollinators in restoration projects, invasive nonnative invasive plant management, managed pollinators (e.g., permitting honey bee apiaries on public land), recreation, and climate change impacts. The BMPs also provide an introductory overview of major pollinator groups (bees, butterflies and moths, other invertebrates, and vertebrates), their status, and threats as a primer on these animals and their habitat needs. In addition, the BMPs outline methods to monitor pollinator populations, a comprehensive literature review, and tables detailing native pollinator phenology, conservation status, ecoregion associations, and habitat requirements. Incorporating pollinators into rangeland management is essential to help maintain or recover pollinator populations and also maintain healthy rangelands for plants, wildlife, livestock, and the people who rely on them. While there is still much to learn, these BMPs provide actionable, practical recommendations that enables land managers to help conserve pollinators on public lands in the West.